Neither, neither nor and not either english grammar today uma referencia a gramatica e uso do ingles escrito e falado cambridge dictionary. Buy grammar girls quick and dirty tips for better writing quick. The clause and peter didnt either means the same as and neither did peter. Jan 01, 2010 when to use or instead of nor neither and nor are bosom buddies. In july 2008, holt released fogartys first paperback book, grammar girls quick. In all our examples so far, weve used nor to indicate a negative state that continues after something else negative happens. Josseybass books and products are available through most bookstores. Book recommendations, author interviews, editors picks, and more. Neither of my parents speaks speak a foreign language in other words, although native speakers do sometimes use a plural verb after neither of, the use of a singular verb is still the expected form in. My downvote is because a far more acceptable and conflicting answer was given the last time round, as flagged by tchrist, and this seems not to have been even considered. But most people younger than 40 arent even aware that these were. Either or used in a sentence in the affirmative sense when referring to a choice between two possibilities. I am by no stretch of the imagination a grammarian nor do i have the intention of. Neither of them were there is also possible in a less careful style.
If we have two people or things in mind, we use neither, not. In spoken language, the plural form of the verb is more usual. After neither and either you use a singular verb neither candidate was selected for the job. As the oxford learners dictionary says in its grammar point neither of and either of are followed by a plural noun or pronoun and a singular or plural verb. Learn how to use the words so and neither in english. Nov 22, 20 the rule for neither and either is that any time they are used as the subject of the sentence then the verb must be singular. The words girl, river, and bridge arent capitalized because they are common nouns. It is used in positive structure but the meaning is negative. Each entry starts with a simple explanation and basic examples before moving to real. In english grammar in use intermediate, unit 88, it is said that after neither of a singular or plural verb is possible. Eitheror neithernor either or used when referring to a choice between two possibilities. He will neither come here nor send a representative. My grandpa neither likes nor cares about the technology.
For example, when youre talking about a computer mouse, the plural can be either mice or. English grammar tips with gymglish, online english lessons. Neither of the boys were in the library just now or neither of the boys was in the library just now. Either is used in negative constructions, while neither is used in affirmative constructions.
We can either eat now or after the show its up to you 2. The ap stylebook, the chicago manual of style, garners modern english usage, the oxford english dictionary, and the american heritage. Neither indicates that the two ideas are linked together. In all examples below, a and b are the same parts of speech. When using eitheror and neithernor, note the following rules. Simply take the noun closest to the verb and ensure they agree. Eitheror, neithernor and bothand by shmoop youtube. However, when the second negative item is a noun, adjective, or adverb phrase 4, you should use or to continue the negative thought because. Neither is paired with nor and either is paired with or. Tips network, a popular podcaster, and the author of numerous usage books.
Archived from the original pdf on november 20, 2012. Henry holt books are available for special promotions and premiums. You cannot mix them, but often the word either is omitted. Neither of the restaurants we went was or were expensive. Neither of before a pronoun or a noun with a determiner e. Each entry starts with a simple explanation and basic examples before moving to reallife, entertaining examples. Neither, nor and neither nor english practice learn. From the american copy editors society a tricky agreement problem. The book offers friendly tips to write better without grammatical errors. John didnt come to the party and peter didnt either. Undaunted by the complicated cultural expectations of an indian muslim girl in the usa, fatima became a role model for her sisters and for many of her friends. Janes bag wasnt where she had left it, so nor neither but too either was it anywhere else in the house. When one of the words is used to modify the single subject of a sentence, it takes.
Neither of and either of are followed by a plural noun or pronoun and a singular or plural verb. Neither this nor that is the story of an american girl who grew up in pennsylvania after her family immigrated to the u. Someone must fix them first neithernor neitheror eitheror eithernor 2. Complete the sentence with or, nor, eitheror, neithernor or verb agreement. Neither of the children wants or want to go to bed. Jun 14, 2009 in a sentence like none were missing, there is an implicit noun that answers the question, none of what. Neither the manager nor his subordinates could give a satisfactory. Nor, and transitional devices instructions for the teacher this exercise is a supplement to the exercises of in charge 2, unit 2, pages 17 through 20. Compare your responses to the feedback by clicking the check or check 110 button. If both elements are singular, then the verb is singular too. Neither nor used in a sentence in the negative sense when you want to say that two or more things are not true. If singular subject follows both neither and or the verb may be in the singular or plural form.
Eitheror neitheror eithernor neithernor a is the correct answer d is the correct answer test your knowledge 3. Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language. Home page for english grammar today on cambridge dictionary. Grammar girl mignon fogarty on the biggest changes in language. The writer queried the presence of a plural verb in this example, believing this to be incorrect because neither, being singular, should be followed by a singular verb in his reply, our editorinchief michael rundell noted that. How to use nor correctly grammar girl quick and dirty tips. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. Cats roam outside and often come home very late at night. So neither the men nor the woman is a good surfer is correct, as is neither the woman nor the men are good surfers. At languagetips is the marvellous neither of the boys was eligible for the prize. A conjunction and a coordinating conjunction differ in that a conjunction joins grammatically alike subclausal elements, whereas a coordinating conjunction joins grammatically alike clausal elements.
Neither my mother nor my father went to university. It used to be that proper grammar and thoughtful wording were the defining factors of a good piece of. Grammar girls quick and dirty tips for better writing. But they can also be conjunctions correlative, adjectives, determiners, and even adverbs. How do these word pairs change the meaning of a sentence. When either word is used as a pronoun and as the subject of a sentence or clauseand its the only subjectit takes a singular verb. Oct 30, 2007 sentences with neither and either if this is your first visit, be sure to check out the faq by clicking the link above. The quick answer the pairing neithernor plays a negative role, so take care to avoid an unintended double negative. Neither his son nor his daughter were at the funeral.
Note how we use the plural word surfers at the end there to keep everything in agreement. The internets grammar girl on the last decades most dramatic change in language. Sep, 2014 this video covers how to use eitheror, neithernor, and bothand. Buy our book smashing grammar 2019 written by the founder of grammar monster, smashing grammar includes a glossary of grammar essentials from apostrophes to zeugma and a chapter on easily confused words from affecteffect to whetherif.
Either means both, one and neither means not either, none. Neither my mother, nor my father wants to pay for my holiday. Neither of the parents understood what the baby was trying to say. Oxford, merriamwebster, american heritage dont directly address this particular case. Macmillan dictionaries recently received a query about an example at the entry for the phrase neither nor. Mignon fogarty born 1967 is a former faculty member in journalism at the university of. Jay had seen neither the snake nor the wasps nest on the next tree, and was. You will find the main verb either before or after the infinitive phrase. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. They objected to either following the book or keeping the central theme. The girl was neither happy nor sad about her grade. Whether you are a grammarphobe seeking guidance, a parent looking for a. But if you use neither, then make sure your sentence does not have any other negatives preceding it. He either keeps the keys himself or leaves them with his wife.
In a negative sentence, if you equally reject two alternatives, you must use not. Learn english with lets talk free english lessons 99,505 views 10. Neithernor is used when the choice is negative or the person wants to say that more than one thing is not true. Neither of our cars has enough petrol so we have to take the bus. He didnt sing either of the songs none of these ballpoint pens works. Grammar girl wasnt very helpful with these subjectcomplement agreement sentences.
The writer queried the presence of a plural verb in this example, believing this to be incorrect because neither, being singular, should be followed by a singular verb. You can use neither of before a determiner my, his, these, the etc. Grammar girl presents the ultimate writing guide for students. Neither of my parents speaks speak a foreign language. If that noun is singular, none takes a singular verb. If that noun is plural, it is up to the writer and the sense of the sentence to determine whether none takes a singular or a plural verb. Neithernor when two subjects are joined by neithernor or eitheror, choosing the right. Ask them to list any sleep disorders they are aware of, such as snoring, narcolepsy the disorder.1135 94 1256 442 164 714 1282 826 1219 476 939 112 570 1121 257 1015 1162 30 850 1183 581 1037 911 378 1210 50 1139 394 1360 879 324 343 1139 194 447 80 1135 242 17 372 1213 126 1427 198 1312 1094